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Structure and Response of Spherical Diffusion Flames (s-Flame)

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Image of a partially-premixed spher-ical flame on a porous burner (which is also visible). The microgravity test was conducted in a NASA drop facility. The gas issuing from the burner was 25% propane, 2% oxygen, 49% argon, and 24% nitrogen.

The purpose of the Spherical Flame (s-Flame) experiment is to advance our ability to predict the structure and dynamics, including extinction, of both soot-free and sooty flames. The spherical flame, which is only possible in microgravity, will be created through use of a porous spherical burner from which a fuel/inert gas mixture will issue into the CIR chamber. Flames will be ignited at non-steady conditions and allowed to transition naturally toward extinction. Tests will be conducted with various inert diluents, in both the fuel and chamber atmosphere. The fuel gases include hydrogen and methane for soot-free flames, and ethylene for sooty flames. One experiment objective is to identify the extinction limits for both radiative and convective extinction (i.e., at high and low system Damkohler numbers, respectively). Another objective is to determine the existence, onset, and nature of pulsating instabilities that have been theoretically predicted to occur in such flames with fuel/diluent mixtures that are above a critical Lewis number.

Project Management:

Structure and Response of Spherical Diffusion Flames (s-Flame)
Principal Investigaotor: Prof. C. K. Law, Princeton University
Co-Investigators: Prof. Stephen Tse, Rutgers U.
Dr. Kurt Sacksteder, NASA GRC

Project Scientist: Dennis Stocker, NASA Glenn Research Center

Deputy Project Scientist: Prof. Fumiaki Takahashi, Case Western Reserve University