September 30, 2009- The FCF’s
Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) had critical resupplies
launched and transported to the ISS on the maiden flight
of JAXA’s HTV-1 Demonstration Flight. The resupply
hardware consisting of new fuel reservoirs, bottles and a
fiber kit were within days removed from the HTV and installed
by Astronaut Michael Barratt into the CIR to continue science
operations. The HTV also transported additional hardware
for the Fluids Integrated Rack that was launched on STS-128
in August and installed by the shuttle astronauts. (Contact:
Robert Corban 433-6642)
The Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) features
a 100-liter combustion chamber surrounded by optical and
other diagnostic packages including a gas chromatograph.
Experiments are conducted in the chamber by remote control
from the Telescience Support Center (TSC) or the Principal
Investigator's (PI's) home institution. The CIR is the only
rack on ISS dedicated to combustion experimentation.
* View a Slideshow of the CIR KSC Integration Activities *
The CIR consists of the following major subsystems and components: International Standard Payload Rack (ISPR); Passive Rack Isolation Subsystem (PaRIS); Optics Bench on slides that tilts out of the ISPR; Combustion Chamber with replaceable windows; Fuel and Oxidizer Management Assembly (FOMA), including a gas supply package, exhaust vent system and gas chromatograph; Modular, replaceable Science Diagnostics; Environmental Control Subsystems, including water thermal control, air thermal control, fire detection/suppression and gas interfaces; Electrical Power Subsystem; Avionics Subsystems, including the CIR main computer (Input/Output Package), image processing and storage units, FOMA control unit and Station Support Computer; Flight and Ground Software; Interfaces for replaceable, Experiment-Specific Equipment.
The CIR design allows different experiment packages
within the combustion chamber to be removed, replaced or upgraded. Modular
diagnostics are mounted on the optics bench and are easily repositioned. Five
standard diagnostic packages, constructed from modular elements, are
planned as initial diagnostic capabilities for the CIR. These
are a High Bit Depth/Multispectral Imaging Package (HiBMs), a High Frame
Rate/High Resolution (HFR/HR) Package, two Low Light Level Camera Packages,
and an Illumination Package.
The CIR and associated ground systems will offer
the Principal Investigators the opportunity to participate in the conduct
of their experiment on-board the ISS through remote operation and observation. Once
a test point has been completed, the PI can assess the results and provide
information for changes to the test matrix. Ground systems will
also enable scientists to interact with researchers at other locations.
Contacts at NASA Glenn Research Center